All About Filing ITR; Understanding Different ITR Forms

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Filing ITR

The Income Tax Department in India requires taxpayers to file an Income Tax Return (ITR) under various circumstances. Understanding these requirements ensures you comply with tax regulations and avoid penalties. Let’s delve into who needs to file an ITR.


The most common scenario requiring an ITR filing is exceeding the basic exemption limit set for your income slab. If your gross total income surpasses this limit, you are mandated to file an ITR.

Even Below the Exemption Limit:

Even if your income falls below the basic exemption limit, you might still need to file an ITR if any of the following conditions apply:

  • High Bank Deposits: Deposited more than Rs 1 crore in one or more current bank accounts or Rs. 50 lakh or more in savings accounts during the previous year.
  • Foreign Travel Expenses: Incurred a total expenditure exceeding Rs. 2 lakh on foreign travel for yourself or someone else.
  • High Electricity Bill: Paid more than Rs. 1 lakh towards electricity consumption in the previous year.
  • Tax Deducted/Collected: Experienced a Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) or Tax Collected at Source (TCS) exceeding Rs. 25,000 (Rs. 50,000 for senior citizens above 60 years) in the previous year.
  • Business Turnover: If you are a business owner with a total sales turnover or gross receipt exceeding Rs. 60 lakh in the previous year.
  • Professional Income: Earned professional income exceeding Rs. 10 lakh during the previous year.


An ITR is a form used by taxpayers to submit information about their income and tax payments to the Income Tax Department. It acts as a record of your income sources, deductions claimed, and taxes paid. Filing your ITR on or before the due date is crucial.

The applicable ITR form depends on your taxpayer category (individual, HUF, company, etc.) and the nature and type of your income. Choosing the right form ensures accurate reporting. It’s also recommended to calculate your tax liability and make any necessary payments before filing the ITR.

Also read: New Or Old Tax Regime? A Guide To Choosing Wisely


The Income Tax Department offers seven ITR forms catering to different taxpayer profiles and income types:

  • ITR-1: Applicable to resident individuals with a total income up to Rs. 50 lakh from salary, house property, and other sources. NRIs cannot file ITR-1. Salaried taxpayers can leverage their Form 16 to simplify filing.
  • ITR-2: For individuals and HUFs with income excluding business or profession income. This form caters to salaried individuals or NRIs with income from salary, house property, capital gains, and other sources. Salaried individuals with gains/losses from share trading should use ITR-2.
  • ITR-3: Used by individuals to report income from business or profession. Salaried individuals with income from intraday share trading or futures and options should file ITR-3. This form allows reporting income from various sources like salaries, house property, capital gains, business/profession (including presumptive income), and others.
  • ITR-4: Applicable to individuals, HUFs, and partnership firms with income taxed under the presumptive scheme. This form is used for business income up to Rs. 2 crore taxed under section 44AD or professional income up to Rs. 50 lakh taxed under section 44ADA. Freelancers with a notified profession can also use ITR-4.
  • ITR-5: For partnership firms, LLPs, AOPs (Association of Persons), and BOIs (Body of Individuals). Business entities like LLPs, partnership firms, AOPs, and BOIs can file ITR-5 to report income from business, profession, and other sources.
  • ITR-6: The income tax return form for companies to report income from business, profession, and any other source.
  • ITR-7: Used by companies, associations, and trusts claiming income tax exemption.


Choosing the right ITR form can be complex, especially for individuals with diverse income sources or those running businesses. Here’s where consulting a qualified consultant specializing in Income Tax Consultancy proves beneficial:

  • Expertise and Guidance: Income tax consultants possess in-depth knowledge of tax laws and can guide you through the ITR filing process. They can ensure you select the appropriate ITR form based on your income profile and help you understand the intricacies of deductions and exemptions you might be eligible for.
  • Accuracy and Efficiency: Consultants can meticulously review your financial records and income details, minimizing errors and ensuring an accurate ITR filing. This reduces the risk of discrepancies or penalties from the Income Tax Department.
  • Tax Planning and Optimization: A consultant can analyze your income sources, investments, and financial goals to recommend tax-saving strategies. They can help you leverage deductions and exemptions effectively, potentially lowering your tax liability.
  • Time-Saving: The ITR filing process can be time-consuming, especially for individuals with complex financial situations. Consultants can handle the entire process, freeing up your valuable time to focus on other priorities.
  • Peace of Mind: Knowing a qualified professional is handling your ITR filing can provide peace of mind. Consultants stay updated on the latest tax laws and amendments, ensuring your return adheres to current regulations.


Choosing a reputable and experienced Income Tax Consultant is crucial. Consider the following factors when making your selection:

  • Qualifications and Experience: Look for consultants who are qualified tax professionals with a proven track record. Certifications like Chartered Accountant (CA) or Certified Public Accountant (CPA) indicate expertise in tax matters.
  • Area of Specialization: Some consultants specialize in specific areas like corporate tax, individual Income Tax Consultancy, or international tax. Choose a consultant with experience catering to your specific tax filing needs.
  • Fees and Service Inclusions: Consultants charge varying fees based on their experience, the complexity of your tax situation, and the services offered. Ensure a clear understanding of the fees and what’s included in their service before engaging a consultant.
  • Communication and Availability: Effective communication is essential. Choose a consultant who is readily available to answer your questions and address any concerns you may have throughout the filing process.

By understanding who needs to file an ITR, the different ITR forms, and the benefits of consulting an income tax professional, you can ensure a smooth and compliant tax filing experience. Remember, consulting a qualified professional can save you time, money, and potential tax-related hassles.

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